"The average lifespan of an indoor cat is 15-18 years. For a cat allowed outdoors, the average life is only 2-5 years." - Little Big Cat
It’s much healthier for cats to be kept indoors where they’re safe from diseases (such as Feline Leukemia, FIV [Feline AIDS], distemper, rabies, and toxoplasmosis), parasites (such as fleas, ticks, and worms), poisons (such as anti-freeze and rat poison), loose dogs, other cats, cars, wild animals (such as coyotes, bears, mountain lions, and birds of prey), malicious people, and more. The list of outdoor dangers for cats is quite long and this is not to mention the damage that cats inflict on our native wildlife.
We don’t let our dogs roam freely, so why let our cats? Indoor cats live much longer, healthier lives than outdoor or indoor/outdoor cats and it’s quite possible to have a happy, well entertained indoor cat. There are far safer ways to allow cats to enjoy the outdoors, such walking them on a harness, cat fencing your backyard, or building/buying an outdoor cat enclosure.
Indoors or Outdoors?
Indoors VS Outdoors - Cats Really Are Safer Inside
Healthy & Happy Indoor Cat
Keeping Cats Indoors
FIV: a Good Reason to Keep Cats Indoors
Outdoor Cat Enclosures
An Outdoor “Cat Run”
SunCATcher Outdoor Cat Enclosures
Purr-fect Cat Fence
How To Train Your Cat to Walk With a Leash
Harness and Leash Training for Cats
New Study Highlights Dramatic Impact of Cats on Young Birds in Washington, D.C. Suburbs
Fear of cats may put city songbirds off breeding
This is completely us-centric, if you’re reading this. My cats have been allowed come and go as they please and almost all have lived past ten. That’s common to most rural cats in Ireland.